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Nehru Jayanti

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad. He received his early education from private teachers at his home. He moved to England at the age of fifteen, and after two years at Harrow, he joined the University of Cambridge, where he received a bachelor's degree in natural science. After returning to India in 1912, he directly joined politics. Even during his student life, he was interested in the freedom struggle of countries under foreign rule. He took a keen interest in the Sinn Féin movement in Ireland. He had to compulsorily join the freedom struggle of India. In 1912 he participated in the Bankipur Conference as a delegate and in 1919 became the Secretary of the Home Rule League of Allahabad. In 1916, he met Mahatma Gandhi for the first time, from whom he was greatly inspired. He organized the first Kisan March in 1920 in the Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh. He also had to go to jail twice in connection with the non-cooperation movement of 1920-22. Pandit Nehru became the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee in September 1923. He visited Italy, Switzerland, England, Belgium, Germany, and Russia in 1926.

In Belgium, he participated in the Conference of Depressed Countries in Brussels as an official representative of the Indian National Congress. He participated in the tenth-anniversary celebrations of the October Socialist Revolution in Moscow in 1927. Earlier in 1926, Nehru had an important role in the Madras Congress in committing the Congress to the goal of independence. In 1928, he was lathi-charged while leading a procession against the Simon Commission in Lucknow. On 29 August 1928, he attended the All-Party Conference and was one of the first to sign the Nehru Report on Indian Constitutional Reforms. The report was named after his father, Mr. Motilal Nehru. In the same year, he founded the 'Indian Independence League' and became its general secretary. The basic objective of this league was to completely separate India from the British Empire.

In 1929, Pandit Nehru was elected president of the Lahore session of the Indian National Conference, whose main goal was to achieve complete independence for the country. He had to go to jail several times during 1930-35 due to Salt Satyagraha and other Congress movements. He completed the writing of his 'autobiography' on 14 February 1935 in Almora Jail. After his release, he went to Switzerland to see his ailing wife and visited London in February-March 1936. He also visited Spain in July 1938 when there was a civil war going on. Shortly before the start of World War II, he also went on a tour of China. Pandit Nehru conducted Individual Satyagraha opposing India's compulsion to participate in the war, due to which he was arrested on 31 October 1940. 

He was released from prison along with other leaders in December 1941. In the meeting of the All India Congress Committee held in Mumbai on 7 August 1942, Pandit Nehru set the goal of implementing the historic resolution 'Quit India'.On 8 August 1942, he was arrested along with other leaders and taken to Ahmednagar Fort. This was the last time he had to go to jail and this time he had to spend the longest time in jail. He went to jail nine times in his entire life. After his release in January 1945, he provided legal defense to INA officers and individuals facing treason charges. In March 1946, Pandit Nehru visited South-East Asia. On 6 July 1946, he was elected the President of the Congress for the fourth time, and then from 1951 to 1954, he was elected for this post three more times.