The sagittal plane divides the body into left and right. When we move along this plane, we are using
the strength of our muscles to move parts of the body forward or backward.
- Flexion: Decreasing the angle between two bones
- Extension: Increasing the angle between two bones
- Dorsiflexion: Moving the top of the foot toward the shin (only at the ankle)
- Plantarflexion: moving the sole of the foot downward (pointing the toes.
The coronal plane divides the body into front and back. When we move along this plane, we are
moving toward or away from the midline.
- Adduction: Motion toward the midline
- Abduction: Motion away from the midline of the body
- Elevation: Moving to a superior position (only at the scapula)
- Depression: Moving to an inferior position (only at the scapula)
- Inversion: Lifting the medial border of the foot
- Eversion: Lifting the lateral border of the foot
The transverse (or horizontal) plane divides the body into top and bottom, but it is a little less straightforward. Any time we rotate a joint we are moving along the transverse plane.
- Rotation- Internal (inward) or external (outward) turning about the vertical axis of the bone
- Pronation- Rotating the hand and wrist medially from the bone
- Supination-Rotating the hand and wrist laterally from the bone
- Horizontal Flexion (adduction)- From the 90-degree abducted arm position, the humerus is flexed (adducted) in toward the midline of the body in the transverse plane
- Horizontal Extension (abduction)- Return of the humerus from horizontal flexion
Now you need to understand the motion and movement in the terms of physics. Do you heard aboutFleming’s hand rule? Let me explain, whenever a current-carrying conductor comes under a magnetic field, there will be a force acting on the conductor. The direction of this force can be found using Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule (also known as ‘Fleming’s left-hand rule for motors’). Similarly, if a
conductor is forcefully brought under a magnetic field, there will be an induced current in that conductor. The direction of this force can be found using Fleming’s Right Hand Rule.
Our body generates the prana (current) and in the magnetic field of pranic channels, now the motion or force act in 3 planes: Sagittal, Coronal, and Transverse plane. It depends upon the movement in Asana our body generators or Pranic chakras produce the force of prana in 90 degrees to the motion.
Dr. Rajesh Kumar Raj